On May 16, the Government issued Resolution No. 35 / NQ-CP on enterprise support and development by 2020, according to which enterprises, especially private enterprises, are determined to be the driving force for improving competitiveness and self-sufficiency. owner of the economy.
Strive for 1 million businesses
The Resolution aims to have at least one million businesses operating at least one million by 2020. The private sector is expected to contribute about 48-49% of GDP, about 49% of total social investment.
Thus, based on recent data of the General Statistics Office, the above two indicators (proportion) above are almost unchanged after nearly 5 years.
Resolution confirms some basic principles as follows:
The state protects the legal property ownership and business freedom of people and businesses. Enterprises have the right to freedom of business in industries and trades that are not prohibited by law.
Implementing the policy of State creation, taking businesses as service objects, facilitating enterprises to invest, do business and develop to build, ban and organize the implementation of the provisions of law relating to enterprises.
The State guarantees the stability, consistency, and predictability of the policy; stabilize the macro economy, improve the business environment in the direction of convenience, safety and friendliness.
The state guarantees equal rights for all businesses, regardless of type and economic sectors in access to resources such as capital and resources , land … and business investment.
In the Resolution, the Government particularly emphasizes administrative reform, facilitating businesses. The government requires relevant government agencies to implement Resolution No. 19-2016 / NQ-CP April 28, 2016 by the Government.
Besides, state agencies need to open a section on supporting the development of enterprises on the website; publicizing business processes, procedures and conditions (if any), results of settling petitions and complaints of enterprises on the websites of their agencies and units.
Jobs assigned to ministries, branches
Chairmen of People’s Committees of provinces and cities directly under the Central Government organize regular public dialogues at least twice a year with the business community and the press. to timely grasp and solve difficulties and obstacles for businesses in the area; established and publicized the hotline, online questionnaire on the electronic portal of provinces and cities to receive feedback and instructions and answers for enterprises.
The Ministry of Home Affairs presides and coordinates with relevant ministries and agencies to review the functions and tasks of ministries, ministerial-level agencies and government-attached agencies. , People’s Committees of provinces and cities directly under the Central Government to report to the Government for amendments in the direction of clearly defining the state management functions, without missing or overlapping on functions and tasks. The government asked the ministry to submit a proposal to establish a specialized agency to act as the owner representative for state-owned enterprises.
Strengthen the organizational structure, functions and tasks of the state management agency for economic cooperation and cooperatives under the Ministry of Planning and Investment.
The Ministry of Finance presides and coordinates with relevant ministries and agencies to report to the Government for submission to the National Assembly for resolution of difficulties in tax for businesses. career right in 2016; late debt settlement for enterprises meeting objective difficulties; study and propose to reduce corporate income tax rates for small and medium enterprises; study and propose to compensate income from real estate transfer activities with income from production and business activities (two-way clearing), 50% reduction of personal income tax for domestic workers. some areas: information technology in the field of high technology, high technology application in the field of agriculture, processing agricultural products …
The State Bank shall assume the prime responsibility and coordinate with the concerned ministries and agencies in administering the flexible and tight monetary policy, maintaining the market interest rate at a reasonable level while ensuring the objectives controlling inflation, stabilizing macro economy, contributing to creating a favorable business environment for businesses.
The Ministry of Finance presides and coordinates with ministries and agencies to review land laws and regulations in the direction of reducing land rent and conversion costs land use purposes and other costs of the enterprise; review and adjust road tolls, BOT fees; evaluate and propose reasonable adjustments to help businesses reduce costs, especially transport service businesses.
“Resolution 35 is too full, the government just needs to do it”
Speaking at a seminar on Vietnam’s economic prospects organized by Deloitte Vietnam today, May 17, in Ho Chi Minh City, Mr. Bui Quang Vinh said Resolution No. 35 is a The resolution is quite comprehensive, in which many ideas in the Vietnam 2035 Report on private development have been included in this resolution. Resolution No. 35 / NQ-CP on support and Business development by 2020 has been fully promulgated by the Government on May 16, the most important thing for the Government is to act, implement all that has been written, according to Mr. Bui Quang Vinh, former Minister of Planning and Investment.
Resolution No. 35 expresses the views and desires and specific solutions of the new Government to support and develop the business, with 5 support from the problem start up, innovate to protect businesses, solve difficulties in business environment for businesses, …
Mr. Vinh thinks that this is a good resolution and if done, investment and business activities of the enterprise will be very convenient, through administrative reform. , protect equal rights to resources, and measures to reduce costs for businesses, and protect legal rights for businesses.
“The government’s actions have begun to improve, but I still want to say more about what has not yet been made so that businesses and the state can come together and understand remove each other. In terms of resolutions, legal documents and levels of government directed drastically and significantly improved the barriers to difficulties for businesses, but there was a big gap between laws. given, the direction of the Government with the implementation level “, Mr. Vinh. He added that he sat listening to many large and small businesses complaining that such resolutions and legal documents are so, but when it comes to implementation, it’s not like that.
To clarify the above statement, Mr. Vinh said Resolution 19/2014, Resolution 19/2015 and Resolution 19/2016 of the Government wrote very well, very clear regulations on customs procedures have to be cut like how, how to access land and reform. However, Mr. Vinh said he had heard very high-profile enterprises of Vietnam that they were even more tortured than before.
Therefore, the former Minister of Planning and Investment said that this is a very important issue because of the will and direction of the Government but the subordinates do not make or distort in implementation – this is a very difficult problem and the biggest problem.
Mr. Vinh also added that some recent laws still allow “laying” of many procedures, many child licenses, while the Investment Law and the Enterprise Law 2014 amendments have regulated only 267 conditional business lines, and currently this list is being reviewed to narrow down and create more business opportunities for businesses. Currently, the control of the Government and the National Assembly is not good, so both the Government and the National Assembly are recognizing that there are many new laws that are passed but contrary to the provisions of the Capital Investment Law, which do not allow “spawning”. add business conditions.
However, Mr. Vinh said he believed that with a high-impact and determined Government and efforts of enterprises, Vietnam’s business and investment environment in next time will be improved.
Also at the seminar, Ms. Victoria Kwakwa, Vice President of the World Bank in Southeast Asia and the Pacific, led a survey of Vietnamese enterprises for From 1990 to present, Vietnam’s labor productivity has decreased. In particular, in the private sector in Vietnam, labor productivity has also decreased in recent years. According to this position, this is related to inefficient state resource allocation, as well as weak private sector connection with the Government.
“Why is productivity falling? Because the policy and institutional background in Vietnam has not been completed, the legal framework to protect the private sector in Vietnam has not been completed. The capital and land markets are not highly developed, need many changes, “said Victoria Kwakwa.
Ms. Victoria Kwakwa believes that Vietnamese private enterprises must be active and improve their competitiveness to join the global supply chain. In addition, to improve labor productivity, there needs to be a link between businesses and universities and training institutions to meet the labor skills that businesses need. Currently in Vietnam this link is not tight.
In addition, the private sector of Vietnam and foreign-invested private enterprises (FDI) are completely separate, so what should be done? to be able to connect these two areas together to transfer and apply new technologies to operation.
“When it comes to these connections, Vietnam will benefit the most in international economic integration,” said Victoria Kwakwa.